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malaria control

High insecticide resistances levels in Anopheles gambiaes s.l. in northern Uganda and its relevance for future malaria control

July 26, 2020 - 13:37 -- Open Access
Echodu R, Iga J, Oyet WS, Mireji P, Anena J, Onanyang D, Iwiru T, Lutwama JJ, Opiyo EA
BMC Res Notes. 2020 Jul 22;13(1):348

The aim of the study was to determine the level of insecticide resistance and diversity in Anopheles mosquitoes in northern Uganda. Standard WHO insecticide susceptibility test assays were used to test for susceptibility to 0.5% malathion, 0.1% bendiocarb, 0.05% deltamethrin and 0.75% permethrin on 3–5 day old generation one progeny. We also screened for species diversity and knockdown resistance using PCR assay.

Potential for a web-based management information system to improve malaria control: An exploratory study in the Lahat District, South Sumatra Province, Indonesia

June 10, 2020 - 15:06 -- Open Access
Hasyim H, Firdaus F, Prabawa A, Dale P, Harapan H, Groneberg DA, Kuch U, Müller R
PLoS One. 2020 Jun 9;15(6):e0229838

A web-based malaria reporting information system (MRIS) has the potential to improve malaria reporting and management. The aim of this study was to evaluate the existing manual paper-based MRIS and to provide a way to overcome the obstacles by developing a web-based MRIS in Indonesia.

Plasmodium falciparum Histidine-Rich Protein 2 and 3 Gene Deletions and Their Implications in Malaria Control

May 25, 2020 - 07:54 -- Open Access
Nyataya J, Waitumbi J, Mobegi VA, Noreddin A, El Zowalaty ME
Diseases. 2020 May 20; 8(2):E15

Malaria remains the biggest threat to public health, especially among pregnant women and young children in sub-Saharan Africa. Prompt and accurate diagnosis is critical for effective case management and detection of drug resistance. Conventionally, microscopy and rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) are the tools of choice for malaria diagnosis. RDTs are simple to use and have been extensively used in the diagnosis of malaria among travelers to malaria-endemic regions, routine case management, and surveillance studies.

Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Mitigation Steps Provide a Blueprint for Malaria Control and Elimination

May 12, 2020 - 17:49 -- Open Access
Rahi M, Das P, Sharma A.
Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2020 May 7

Most countries around the world have responded promptly to the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) challenge by adopting considered and scientifically guided strategies for its containment. However, the situation is more complex for nations where malaria is endemic, as they now have the additional burden of COVID-19. In such nations, the healthcare systems are either in the preparatory or containment phase of the current pandemic.

A qualitative exploration of the experiences of community health animation on malaria control in rural Malawi

March 24, 2020 - 11:56 -- Open Access
Malenga T, Griffiths FE, van den Berg M, van den Berg H, van Vugt M, Phiri KS, Manda-Taylor L, Umar E
Global Health. 2020 Mar 20;16(1):25

While great strides have been achieved in fighting malaria through the Roll Back Malaria (RBM) strategy, the recent world malaria report shows an increase in malaria-related deaths compared to previous years. Malaria control tools are efficacious and effective in preventing the disease; however, the human behaviour aspect of the intervention strategies is weak due to heavy reliance on positive human health behaviour. The challenge lies in adoption of control interventions by the target population which, to an extent, may include access to prevention and treatment tools. We present a qualitative assessment of the use of the Health Animator (HA) model for Information, Education and Communication (IEC) to improve adoption and use of malaria control by promoting positive health behaviours.

Retrospective data analyses of social and environmental determinants of malaria control for elimination prospects in Eritrea

March 18, 2020 - 14:30 -- Open Access
Mihreteab S, Lubinda J, Zhao B, Rodriguez-Morales AJ, Karamehic-Muratovic A, Goitom A, Shad MY, Haque U
Parasit Vectors. 2020 Mar 12;13(1):126

The present study focuses on both long- and short-term malaria transmission in Eritrea and investigates the risk factors. Annual aggregates of information on malaria cases, deaths, diagnostics and control interventions from 2001 to 2008 and monthly reported data from 2009 to 2017 were obtained from the National Malaria Control Programme. We used a generalized linear regression model to examine the associations among total malaria cases, death, insecticide-treated net coverage, indoor residual spraying and climatic parameters.

NOT Open Access | Is the Epidemiology of Plasmodium knowlesi Changing, and What Does This Mean for Malaria Control in Southeast Asia?

January 20, 2020 - 16:31 -- NOT Open Access
Karunajeewa H, Berman J
Clinical Infectious Diseases, Volume 70, Issue 3, 1 February 2020, Pages 368–369

It has long been clear that the “monkey-malaria” species, Plasmodium knowlesi, is capable of infecting humans. Its name comes from Robert Knowles, the British parasitologist who first demonstrated experimental monkey–human transmission and pioneered its use as “malaria therapy” for syphilis and leprosy from as early as 1932 [1].

Malaria: a full-time problem addressed on a part-time basis by amateur entomologists

July 12, 2012 - 15:51 -- Bart G.J. Knols

The editorial below was written by Manuel F. LLuberas, MS IDHA, Public Health Entomologist

More than a decade after implementation, the global malaria control strategy has proven woefully inadequate. It has reported expenditures exceeding several billion dollars and relies heavily on passive methods like mosquito nets but has been unable to meet its goals of reducing an annual morbidity rate that continues to hover around half billion and a mortality rate equivalent to six Jumbo jetliners crashing daily. The time has come to get serious about this problem. Malaria vector control programs around the world need to be placed under trained public health entomologists who can implement comprehensive mosquito population suppression methods and deploy truly integrated vector control systems. Continuing in the current path is unacceptable and wastes quickly dwindling, limited resources.

Open Access | Relative costs and effectiveness of treating uncomplicated malaria in two rural districts in Zambia: implications for nationwide scale-up of home-based management

June 13, 2011 - 07:31 -- Kabogo Ndegwa
Chanda P, Hamainza B, Moonga HB, Chalwe V, Banda P, Pagnoni F
Malaria Journal 2011, 10:159 (9 June 2011)

HMM using ACT and RDTs was more efficient at appropriately diagnosing and treating malaria than the health facility level.

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