In my recent weblog « Africa, Covid and Schistosomiasis » I documented that eosinophilia is common in helminthic infections (www.malariaworld.org 14/01/2021) and that this might significatly contribute to a protection against viral infections. And that this could explain the low incidence of Covid in tropical African countries.
Pierre Lutgen's blog
A few years ago we described in a blog on www.malariaword.org the role zinc may have in diarrhea and tropical diseases. Zn2+ deficiency is a common comorbidity of many chronic diseases.
In a recent weblog we describe the deleterious effect of zinc deficiency in elderly people on the development of pneumonia. Zinc deficiency has a detrimental effect on blood pressure and hypertension is one of the major causes of mortality in Covid infections.
An increased number of scientific papers confirm that diabetes causes an increased risk in the mortality and severity of COVID-19. However, the mechanism is not entirely clear. Understanding the relationship between COVID-19 and diabetes could advance therapeutic measures, but there is a scarcity of data on the matter.
Gina Dube, an advanced practice clinical pharmacist at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts suggests that impaired immune systems make individuals with diabetes more susceptible to severe infections.
In an April 10 interview, American philanthropist Melinda Gates expressed her belief that the coronavirus pandemic will have the worst impact in the developing world. She said she foresees bodies lying around in the street of African countries. It is quite surprising to see that although there have been shocking reports of hospitals overwhelmed with patients in the US and in other Western countries, the billionaire philanthropist and others like her still choose to talk about dead bodies in Africa. Gates is not the only one to be predicting total doom in Africa.
LOW ZINC STATUS: A RISK FOR PNEUMONIA IN THE ELDERLY
Plasma Zn decrease is strongly related to age and may be a predictor of all-cause mortality in elderly population. In a study in Italy plasma zinc levels were measured in individuals having an age range of 10–93 years. No significant differences in plasma zinc concentrations were found between males and females. Up to the age of 50 years, the mean plasma zinc of normal individuals remained relatively constant at 70 ± 32µg/100 ml after which the levels decreased.
Many anecdotical or scientific results indicate that leaves and stems of Artemisia annua have different therapeutical properties, often higher for leaves, sometimes lower.
Our efforts so far to elucidate key factors explaining these differences have failed. Artemisinin, polyphenols, essential oils are higher in leaves, scopoletin sometimes lower. If the therapeutical properties against malaria, bacteria or nematodes, really are proportional to the concentration of these organic key constituants, the healing power of stems and twigs should be close to zero.
The film « The Fever » of Katharina Weingärtner was released on September 25 and is well received by public and media. It depicts the fight of African universities and grassroot organizations for local solutions and remedies against the sharp increase in malaria fatalities over the recent years. 500 000 more in 2020 according to WHO !
Pascal Gisenya and Nsengiyumva Bati Daddy
Tuberculosis kills 2 000 000 people every year. And the situation is dramatic because the disease becomes resistant to conventional pharmaceutical treatments.
Pascal Gisenya, Pierre Lutgen
Mucosal surfaces represent a major interface between host and environment. They constitute the point of entry of most infectious pathogens, and are in contact with potentially injurious antigens present in the normal mucosal microflora and in ingested or inhaled substances.
MUCOSAL LININGS ARE RICH IN IMMUNOGLOBULINS
submitted by Pierre Lutgen, Jerome Munyangi and Mutaz Akkawi
Zinc (Zn) plays an essential role in many biological processes including immune response. Impaired Zn status promotes immune dysfunction, and it has been associated with enhanced chronic inflammation during aging. Zinc has a pivotal role in the entire immune system fostering resistance to infections by virus, fungi and bacteria. The immune system is strongly impaired by zinc deficiency, predominantly the cell-mediated response by T-lymphocytes.