In an April 10 interview, American philanthropist Melinda Gates expressed her belief that the coronavirus pandemic will have the worst impact in the developing world. She said she foresees bodies lying around in the street of African countries. It is quite surprising to see that although there have been shocking reports of hospitals overwhelmed with patients in the US and in other Western countries, the billionaire philanthropist and others like her still choose to talk about dead bodies in Africa. Gates is not the only one to be predicting total doom in Africa.
Pierre Lutgen's blog
LOW ZINC STATUS: A RISK FOR PNEUMONIA IN THE ELDERLY
Plasma Zn decrease is strongly related to age and may be a predictor of all-cause mortality in elderly population. In a study in Italy plasma zinc levels were measured in individuals having an age range of 10–93 years. No significant differences in plasma zinc concentrations were found between males and females. Up to the age of 50 years, the mean plasma zinc of normal individuals remained relatively constant at 70 ± 32µg/100 ml after which the levels decreased.
Many anecdotical or scientific results indicate that leaves and stems of Artemisia annua have different therapeutical properties, often higher for leaves, sometimes lower.
Our efforts so far to elucidate key factors explaining these differences have failed. Artemisinin, polyphenols, essential oils are higher in leaves, scopoletin sometimes lower. If the therapeutical properties against malaria, bacteria or nematodes, really are proportional to the concentration of these organic key constituants, the healing power of stems and twigs should be close to zero.
The film « The Fever » of Katharina Weingärtner was released on September 25 and is well received by public and media. It depicts the fight of African universities and grassroot organizations for local solutions and remedies against the sharp increase in malaria fatalities over the recent years. 500 000 more in 2020 according to WHO !
Pascal Gisenya and Nsengiyumva Bati Daddy
Tuberculosis kills 2 000 000 people every year. And the situation is dramatic because the disease becomes resistant to conventional pharmaceutical treatments.
Pascal Gisenya, Pierre Lutgen
Mucosal surfaces represent a major interface between host and environment. They constitute the point of entry of most infectious pathogens, and are in contact with potentially injurious antigens present in the normal mucosal microflora and in ingested or inhaled substances.
MUCOSAL LININGS ARE RICH IN IMMUNOGLOBULINS
submitted by Pierre Lutgen, Jerome Munyangi and Mutaz Akkawi
Zinc (Zn) plays an essential role in many biological processes including immune response. Impaired Zn status promotes immune dysfunction, and it has been associated with enhanced chronic inflammation during aging. Zinc has a pivotal role in the entire immune system fostering resistance to infections by virus, fungi and bacteria. The immune system is strongly impaired by zinc deficiency, predominantly the cell-mediated response by T-lymphocytes.
In a recent review paper we described the strong antimalarial properties of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), but also raised some concerns about the potential risks for viral infections.
Jérôme Munyangi, Pierre Lutgen, Artemisia plants, arachidonic and other polyunsaturated fatty acids. Malaria World Journal MWJ 2020, 11:3.
The role of immunoglobulines E
In January 2020 we published together with 3 medical doctors from Africa: “Jérôme, Munyangi, Pascal Gisenya, Patrick Ogwang …Immunoglobulins in the skin lead to long-lasting prophylaxis. Pharm Pharmacol Int Journal, PPIJ, 2020, Issue1”, a paper which, if widely spread, could have had a dramatic impact on the way the present Covid-19 crisis is handled.
One of the key findings of their work is that immunoglobulins are higher in malaria endemic areas.
In my previous comments on www.malariaworld.org I alerted to the possibility that the widespread malaria infections in sub-Saharan Africa might provide a protection against the Covid virus. Trying to find an explanation for this observation might be important.