2 Post docs positions on mosquito vectors
Are you looking for an interesting Post Doc on mosquito vectors in the USA? There are two vacancies at the Penn State University. Read all about these interesting vacanies here.
Blog by Bill Jobin
Bill share with us some publications on African malaria by the Eltahir research group at MIT. The Eltahir Research group focuses on the impact of regional land use/land cover change as well as global climate change on society through changes in the patterns of water availability, extreme weather, and spread of vector-borne diseases. Read the blog "Eltahir research group at MIT on African malaria" here.
Enjoy this week's MalariaWorld - the MW team
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I recommend the following recent publication for your reading on african malaria : Endo and Eltahir Malar J (2016) 15:578 DOI 10.1186/s12936-016-1633-7. The report is 'Environmental determinants of malaria transmission in African villages' by Noriko Endo and Elfatih A. B. Eltahir. You should also take a look at all the preceding publications of the Eltahir research group at MIT, which you can find if you look up the Eltahir research group on the web.
Preliminary note: In this document we will use indiscriminately the terms caryophyllene, alpha-caryophyllene, beta-caryophyllene, trans-caryopyllene, caryophyllene oxide, E-BCP
A press release from Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute raised a lot of concern. Based on a scientific paper published in Nature
Magnus Manske, Olivo Miotto, Susana Campino, Sarah Auburn, Jacob Almagro-Garcia, Gareth Maslen, Jack O’Brien, Abdoulaye Djimde, Analysis of Plasmodium falciparum diversity in natural infections by deep sequencing. Nature 487, 375–379, 19 July 2012doi:10.1038/nature11174
Studies from 2009 already asked the same question
Interviews from world-renowned researchers that guide WHO’s malaria policies:
Fred Binka: "Countries have done a great job decreasing malaria cases and deaths, but we’re not out of the woods yet."
Read the interview here : http://www.who.int/malaria/mpac/interview-fred-binka/en/
The World Health Organization confirmed on 17 November that the world’s first malaria vaccine will be rolled out in pilot projects in sub-Saharan Africa. Vaccinations will start in 2018.
The vaccine, known as RTS,S, acts against P. falciparum, the most deadly malaria parasite globally, and the most prevalent in Africa. Advanced clinical trials have shown RTS,S to provide partial protection against malaria in young children.
A recent paper from Mali is alarming.
Abdoulaye A. Djimde, Amelia W. Maiga, Dinkorma, Ouologuem,Bakary Fofana, Issaka Sagara, Demba Dembele, Sekou Toure, Kassim Sanogo, Souleymane Dama, Bakary Sidibe, and Ogobara K. Doumbo. Gametocyte clearance dynamics following oral artesunate treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Malian children. Parasite. 2016; 23: 3. doi: 10.1051/parasite/2016003.
The same recrudescence with oral artemisinin monotherapy had already been observed in Vietnam in 2001.
WHO has just published its toolkit for Integrated Vector Management in sub-Saharan Africa. It is attached here for your perusal (and use!).
This toolkit for integrated vector management (IVM) is designed to help national and regional programme managers coordinate across sectors to design and run large IVM programmes. It is an extension of earlier guidance and teaching material provided by WHO: Handbook for integrated vector management , Monitoring and evaluation indicators for integrated vector management , Guidance on policy-making for integrated vector management and Core structure for training curricula on integrated vector management.
Co-chairs from the malERA Refresh Panels will discuss the findings of the updated malaria eradication research agenda (malERA) consultative process at the ASTMH annual meeting in Atlanta, USA. The symposium 'malERA Refresh: Updating the Malaria Eradication Scientific Agenda' is scheduled for Wednesday, 16 November, 1:45, Marriott Imperial B.
Several scientific papers have disappeared from internet.
For example the clinical trials with Artemisia annua in RD Congo from 2000 (attachment 1)
(M.S. Mueller , I.B. Karhagomba , H.M. Hirt , E. Wemakor. The potential of Artemisia annua L. as a locally produced remedy for malaria in the tropics: agricultural, chemical and clinical aspects. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 73 (2000) 487–493)
and clinical trials 2002 (attachment 2)
THE KELCH PROPELLER HYPOTHESIS
The WHO Global Malaria Programme is currently calling for applications for membership on the Technical Expert Group on Surveillance, Monitoring and Evaluation. A total of 13 experts will be selected for an initial term of up to three years.
The James Cook University, Australia has two vacancies:
- Head of Academic Group and Senior Lecturer/Associate Professor, Communicable Disease Control and Tropical Medicine
- Lecturer, Public Health and Tropical Medicine
Applications close: 13 November 2016
It was dicovered by a Yugoslav chemist called Milutin Stefanovic.
Proanthocyanidins (condensed tannins) are oligomeric and polymeric products of the flavonoid biosynthetic pathway. They are present in the fruits, bark, leaves and seeds of many plants, wine and teas, and are increasingly recognized as having beneficial effects on human health. They have attracted little interest in malaria research because in vitro they show no significant antimalarial activity.
Submitted by Jean-Jacques Schul
Founder of IDAY-International.
As a reaction to recent articles Financial Times
Malar J. 2016; 15: 419.
Published online 2016 Aug 18. doi: 10.1186/s12936-016-1470-8
Towards malaria elimination in the MOSASWA (Mozambique, South Africa and Swaziland) region
Devanand Moonasar, Rajendra Maharaj, Simon Kunene, Baltazar Candrinho, Francisco Saute, Nyasatu Ntshalintshali, and Natashia Morris corresponding author.
This infographic displays data from the World Health Organization’s “Projections of mortality and causes of death, 2015 and 2030”. The report details all deaths in 2015 by cause and makes predictions for 2030, giving an impression of how global health will develop over the next 14 years. Also featured is data from geoba.se showing how life expectancy will change between now and 2030.
SciDev.Net article - 21-09-2016
In a recent article about the spread of resistance to ACT in SE Asia, the authors recommend new drugs and better drug strategies:
'FEMS Microbiol Rev. 2016 Sep 8. pii: fuw037. [Epub ahead of print]
The clinical impact of artemisinin resistance in Southeast Asia and the potential for future spread.
Woodrow CJ1, White NJ2'.
Similarly, multiple resistance of Anopheline vectors is supposedly to be met with more careful selection of insecticides!
Allelopathy related to Artemisia plants has already been described 100 years ago (Bode, H. R. 1939. Über die Blattausscheidungen des Wermuts und ihre Wirkung auf andere Pflanzen. Planta 30:567-589). The work of H Bode was completed a few years later (GL Funke. Blumea - Biodiversity, Evolution and Biogeography of Plants, 1943 5, 281-293). Eighteen species of plants, most of which were chosen at random, were sown beside a hedge of Artemisia absinthium; they were severely injured and in one case even killed by the chemical excretions of the latter within a distance of ± 100 cm.
illumigene® Malaria, a novel, highly accurate test developed by Meridian Bioscience, has been awarded the coveted Journées Internationales de Biologie prize for Innovation in emergency treatment and point of care testing.
I am delighted to welcome Dr Fred Binka as Coordinator of WHO’s Emergency Response to Artemisinin Resistance (ERAR) hub in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
Most of us ignore that on Nov 3, 2015 a Convention was signed in Bali declaring the fight against the looming TB-Diabetes co-epidemic, one of the greatest global health challenges.
An estimated two billion people, or one third of all people worldwide, live with a tuberculosis (TB) infection, of whom 9.6 million people develop active TB disease annually. TB is the leading cause of death worldwide due to a single infectious pathogen, responsible for 1.5 million human deaths in 2014, and 95 percent of human TB deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries.
It has traditionnally been accepted that drying of Artemisia annua should take place in the shade because drying in the sun would destroy many useful molecules. But recent papers have questionned this belief and have studied the effect of ultraviolet radiation on the accumulation or decrease of medicinal compounds in plants (WJ Zhang et al., Fitoterapia, 2009, 80, 207-18). A study in Turkey showed that UV-C radiation had remarkable promoting effects on the accumulation of secondary metabolites in the calli of a grape cultivar (E Cetin, Biological Research, 2014, 47 :37).