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Anton Alexander's blog

Durable malaria elimination - a picture is worth a thousand words

April 2, 2015 - 14:00 -- Anton Alexander

As is seen from the picture below, the national malaria elimination campaign, begun in 1922 in Palestine, clearly worked.
For different aspects of this campaign generally, see Aspects of the malaria elimination .
But in particular, for what was so unique that made this malaria elimination so durable, see Durability .

World War 1 and Malaria

November 5, 2014 - 10:08 -- Anton Alexander

As this year is the centenary of the start of World War 1, perhaps readers may be interested to see how malaria may have changed the outcome of the war had the Turkish army managed to hang on after the last battle in 1918, as the British Army collapsed from malaria two weeks after that battle. See This may be used to serve as a reminder to those who choose to ignore the disease and treat it casually.

Has malaria eradication taken place in ANY country through an outside agency?

June 12, 2013 - 07:38 -- Anton Alexander

To all MalariaWorld readers, does anyone know of ANY country that has been certified malaria-free by WHO and where the eradication campaign has been managed or controlled by an outside agency. If yes, please state the country when replying.

It would help a great deal if MalariaWorld readers would reply or comment so that I would know this blog has at least been read or considered. Please don't remain silent. Silence can lead to the equivalent of misinformation in this case.

Either a 'No' or a 'Yes + country' will suffice.

Thank you.

Anton Alexander

Who was directing the eradication campaigns in those countries certified by WHO as malaria-free?

June 8, 2013 - 07:10 -- Anton Alexander

I wish to consider the situations prevailing in those countries where within the last 90 years, malaria had previously been endemic but which countries have since been certified by WHO as malaria-free. In particular, I wish to examine generally whether or not the methods of eradication were initiated/directed/managed/controlled on a daily basis by persons of that country OR by persons from outside agencies.

'The Epidemiology and Control of malaria in Palestine' by I Kligler1930

November 30, 2012 - 09:00 -- Anton Alexander

It may be of interest to readers of MalariaWorld that the long-forgotten, overlooked, but still relevant book by Dr I Kligler, published in 1930, entitled 'The Epidemiology and Control of malaria in Palestine' is now available without charge to be read in its entirety at . Kligler was the architect in Palestine of probably the first successful national malaria-eradication campaign in the world, the campaign was begun in 1922 and it was conducted without vaccines and without reliance on mosquito bednets. The website includes the review in 1930 by Science Magazine.

Enthusiasm alone was insufficient to defeat malaria in Palestine 100 years ago. It required organisation and firm direction.

October 10, 2012 - 11:12 -- Anton Alexander

On 18th September 2009, Bart Knols submitted an article ‘Eradication, elimination, and control: Knowing the past of malaria.’  He wrote that malaria elimination requires a change of approach and a different way of thinking. Community ‘soft’ approaches will give you control, not elimination, and he pointed at historical successes in eliminating malaria which were based on rigorous military-style organised campaigns.

Donor Fatigue (and being out of touch). Do they really know about malaria? Is malaria unimportant?

September 9, 2012 - 06:34 -- Anton Alexander

Insofar as funding for malaria research and elimination is dependent upon the support and enthusiasm for it in Europe and North America, to what extent are the malaria professional communities in Europe /North America a little out of touch with what the general populations of Europe/North America actually know or think about the disease?

How was malaria of 100 years ago eradicated in Palestine/Israel? And without vaccine?

May 21, 2012 - 09:55 -- Anton Alexander

How was malaria of 100 years ago eradicated in Palestine/Israel? And without vaccine?

The desperate state of the Holy Land 100 years ago may be appreciated upon reading the following:

"I have referred to the question of heat as one too often forgotten, but there are at the present time still great dangers in this semi-tropical region. Palestine suffers severely from that great scourge of the tropics - malaria .............


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