Learning from Success
Over the past 60 years, conferences on malaria have increased from maybe one per decade to multiple conferences annually. The 1950 Kampala Malaria Conference set the parameters for the 1955 Global Malaria Eradication Programme, followed 40 years later, 1992 and 1996, with the meetings in Dakar and Amsterdam that galvanised WHO and international support to eradicate malaria. Roll Back Malaria, the Global Fund, the Gates Foundation and other major international donors took us to the 21st century goal of malaria elimination.
The Jerusalem Conference, held December 9-12, 2013 and designed as a workshop, brought together an international gathering of malariologists from 10 countries, to look back not on our failures, but to learn from past successes. Drawing upon lessons learned from the success of malaria elimination in 20th century Mandate Palestine/Israel, field workers, entomologists, laboratory researchers, doctors and historians met over three days to revisit the integrated strategies for malaria elimination developed over 100 years ago, to reassess contemporary tools and to design a practical, deliverable malaria elimination program for two African settings: Pemba Island, Tanzania and Gabon. The medical entomologists drove the agenda, linking the past, present and future, to focus on what they do best – vector control for malaria eradication and elimination.
Professor Israel Kligler arrived in Mandate Palestine in 1921, to a land and people dying from malaria. Malarious areas impeded settlement and agriculture and the land needed to be reclaimed for human populations. And so it was! Working from Jerusalem with his team of health professionals and scientists, he developed and delivered an integrated program to eliminate malaria from Mandate Palestine/Israel. His strategies addressed people, the parasite and the mosquito: community education, public health (including hygiene, malaria prophylaxis and treatment), epidemiological surveillance and mosquito breeding control.
The visit of the Malaria Commission of the League of Nations in 1925 praised the Kligler model as one that could be applied to malarious areas in other parts of the world.
The 2013 Jerusalem Declaration
Reminiscent of the debates of the 1950 Kampala Conference, the Jerusalem Conference generated heated discussions that resulted in consensus or in accepted disagreements over complex issues of control, eradication and elimination.
“The Jerusalem Declaration”, available on this site, reflects these debates and discussions that continued vigorously well after the closing of the conference.
The Conference Report will be available shortly from the Conference organisers.
- Maureen Malowany, PhD (Maureenm (at) ekmd.huji.ac.il)
- Conference Co-Organiser: Braun School of Public Health & Community Medicine, Hebrew University-Hadassah, Jerusalem, Israel.
- The Times of Israel: http://www.timesofisrael.com/remembering-the-man-who-battled-israels-mos...
- Israel 21c: http://israel21c.org/health/world-malaria-experts-look-to-israels-past-f...
- The Jerusalem Post: http://www.jpost.com/Health-and-Science/Bed-nets-wont-wipe-out-a-deadly-...
- The Hebrew University of Jerusalem: https://medicine.ekmd.huji.ac.il/schools/publichealth/En/research/malari...