The Malaria Consortium has published ‘Moving towards malaria elimination: developing innovative tools for malaria surveillance in Cambodia‘ as part of their ‘Learning Paper’ series.
The paper describes the collaborative, systems approach to real-time malaria data for direct action. Including village malaria workers, a malaria information system, and referrals. See page 20 & 21 for challenges and 12 lessons learned.
1. If a system does not work manually, technology is unlikely to help
2. Use existing sources of data as much as possible, and add only to the data collection work of health workers if absolutely necessary
3. Keep it simple
4. Smaller systems may be better than a single big single
5. Decentralise the surveillance system to a level where decisions are made
6. Monitoring and evaluation (M&E) and training
7. Consider mobile-based solutions only for situations where real-time data is required and/or immediate action is required
8. Try to make the system free for the users by working with the telecoms companies
9. Keep codes simple
10. Systems must be compatible with each other
11. There must be feedback
12. Consider using off the shelf solutions for prototyping.