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A need for coordination of projects, donors and various players

May 2, 2014 - 13:17 -- Clive Shiff

I feel that we should start a conversation about coordination. I attended Malaria Day here in Baltimore last week, and one still hears people speaking as if all we have to do is send more nets to Africa! Africa is swimming in nets, in fact there are NO plans that one hears of to REPLACE (key word) expended of torn nets in anything but an ad hoc manner. Yet Anopheles funestus (resistant to pyrethoids) is appearing all over Eastern and Southern Africa.

World Malaria Day - Special Collection available from Cochrane Library

April 25, 2014 - 09:58 -- Dee Walshe

It is World Malaria Day today (Friday 25 April), and to help raise awareness there are two new Special Collections available from The Cochrane Library - one for malaria diagnosis and treatment, and one for prevention and control.

http://www.thecochranelibrary.com/details/collection/6117011/Malaria-dia...

OPEN ACCESS New Cochrane Review on malaria interventions

April 25, 2014 - 09:08 -- Dee Walshe

Hello,

A new open access Cochrane Review was released earlier this month by John Odaga et al. that may be of interest to Malaria World members:

Rapid diagnostic tests versus clinical diagnosis for managing people with fever in malaria endemic settings

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD008998.pub2/abstra...

Jerusalem declaration on malaria elimination in Africa

April 24, 2014 - 19:46 -- J20 Jerusalem Conf

Almost a century after Dr. Israel Kligler initiated a malaria elimination campaign in Mandate Palestine, the undersigned met in Jerusalem to honour his exemplary approach that consisted of an integrated attack on malaria that ultimately led to its disappearance. 
In many ways, the disease burden of malaria in Africa today resembles that of Palestine when Kligler first arrived. His success – a toolbox that included larval mosquito control, swamp drainage, quinine prophylaxis and treatment, community education - played a major role in making the Holy Land habitable and productive.

Why this 2013 Jerusalem conference?

April 24, 2014 - 19:46 -- J20 Jerusalem Conf

Learning from Success

Over the past 60 years, conferences on malaria have increased from maybe one per decade to multiple conferences annually. The 1950 Kampala Malaria Conference set the parameters for the 1955 Global Malaria Eradication Programme, followed 40 years later, 1992 and 1996, with the meetings in Dakar and Amsterdam that galvanised WHO and international support to eradicate malaria. Roll Back Malaria, the Global Fund, the Gates Foundation and other major international donors took us to the 21st century goal of malaria elimination. 

Conference opening program & sponsors

April 24, 2014 - 19:44 -- J20 Jerusalem Conf

Rubin Hall, Forchheimer Student Center, Ein-Kerem Campus, Jerusalem

8:30-9:00 Coffee/Tea (reception area adjoining Rubin Hall)  
9:00-9:30 CONFERENCE OPENING - GREETINGS:

  • Prof. Yehuda Neumark. Director, Braun School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
  • Dr. Sanford F. Kuvin. Founder & Chairman of the International Board, Sanford F. Kuvin Center for the Study of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
  • Prof. David Lichtstein. Dean, Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
  • Dr. Rob Dixon. Deputy Head of Mission, British Embassy in Israel
  • Dr. Gabriel E. Alexander. Jewish National Fund/Keren Keyemeth LeIsrael

This week it's World Malaria Day: Read the Jerusalem Declaration on Sustainable Malaria Elimination in Africa

April 22, 2014 - 19:00 -- Bart G.J. Knols
This week it's World Malaria Day. A day during which, around the world, activities are undertaken to raise awareness for our cause: a world free of malaria. A day to reflect: How are we progressing towards our goal? A day to talk to our friends about what we do - raise awareness. A day also to celebrate the successes of the last decade - no doubt, these are impressive. But also a day to tell the world that without investments, serious investments, progression towards global eradication will slowly grind to a halt. A day to appeal with our governments and other funding bodies that the challenge is still huge, but that we cannot give up. We started with the 'e-words' in October 2007 in Seattle, now we have to live up to our pledge...

Malaria eradication: Lessons from Israel and a tribute to Prof. Israel Kligler

April 13, 2014 - 17:49 -- J20 Jerusalem Conf
“Why has the Anti-Malarial work in Palestine been so successful?”
 
In 1925, the Malaria Commission of the League of Nations, after visiting Palestine, posed this question to itself. To which their written reply in 1925 was:
 
“In the first place, because evidence was available to prove that it was so. That is principally due to the thorough anti-malarial survey carried out everywhere before the work begun.”

Treatments in remote areas urgent to meet Millennium Development Goals

April 11, 2014 - 15:34 -- Debora Miranda

Integrated Community Case Management (iCCM) is a strategy that enables those living beyond the reach of health facilities to access lifesaving treatments. It should be a national priority and an integral part of national health sector plans, a recent symposium in Ghana has concluded.

New: MESA operational research grants start activities

April 10, 2014 - 22:15 -- MESA Alliance

New operational research projects in malaria elimination will start this April, after being selected for funding through MESA. The MESA operational research portfolio includes: proof-of-concept of novel vector control and diagnostic tools, use of mapping technologies for surveillance and tailored response, and mobile phone applications for hard to reach populations. Urban, rural and forest settings are addressed. The projects are summarised here.

Column: What do health professionals in Europe know about malaria? ‘Part I: European statistics’

April 10, 2014 - 20:00 -- Ingeborg van Schayk

Four years ago, after working for six years as a hospital and pre-hospital emergency doctor in Spain, I accepted a position as a remote site doctor in Sierra Leone. Until then malaria was an obscure, almost phantasmagorical, condition to me.

Open access Cochrane Reviews of malaria interventions

April 8, 2014 - 15:42 -- Dee Walshe

Hello,

Recently, we at the Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group (CIDG) have published several systematic reviews of malaria interventions which may be of interest to Malaria World members. Each of the reviews are open access and are listed below:

• Mass drug administration for malaria

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD008846.pub2/abstract

• Larvivorous fish for preventing malaria transmission

Column: Where do you hang a mosquito net in the bush?

April 2, 2014 - 19:22 -- Bart G.J. Knols
So you live in DR Congo. Your youngest child has visited the health post today, she is diagnosed with malaria. You were lucky that there was somebody at the clinic today. They gave you a blister with drugs. It is not quite clear how you got the first capsule into this two year old, but you managed. She is asleep now, safely under a mosquito net that was donated to you last year.
 
All of a sudden you hear noise outside. Gunshots, men running, men screaming. You know what this means. You, your family, you have to run. NOW.
 

Column: Social values & beliefs: the key to successful malaria prevention?

March 23, 2014 - 08:46 -- Ingeborg van Schayk
Do social norms and cost sharing matter in obtaining community buy in and adding value to health commodities? An excerpt from the field with emphasis on community based participatory methods and insecticide treated bed net (ITN) usage.
 

Are in vitro antimalarial assays a waste of time?

March 22, 2014 - 08:59 -- Pierre Lutgen

by Patrick Engeu Ogwang and Pierre Lutgen

Most of the assessments on the antimalarial efficacy of a molecule are made in vitro. In the case of plant material the first step is generally the extraction with an organic solvent. The extract is then lyophilized, frozen and stored for subsequent trials.

Malaria testing not a simple fix in the private sector

March 21, 2014 - 12:22 -- Debora Miranda

Drug shops offering quick diagnostic tests for malaria can improve treatment, but regulation by authorities is also needed, researchers warn.

Read the story and the article at: http://www.actconsortium.org/news.php/66/malaria-testing-not-a-simple-fix-in-the-private-sector

Malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) are simple tools to diagnose malaria accurately and can help health workers in remote locations to prescribe the correct treatment. But introducing RDTs into the private sector may have complex, unexpected consequences for patients.

Malaria testing not a simple fix in the private sector

March 21, 2014 - 12:21 -- Debora Miranda

Drug shops offering quick diagnostic tests for malaria can improve treatment, but regulation by authorities is also needed, researchers warn.

Read the story and the article at: http://www.actconsortium.org/news.php/66/malaria-testing-not-a-simple-fix-in-the-private-sector

Malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) are simple tools to diagnose malaria accurately and can help health workers in remote locations to prescribe the correct treatment. But introducing RDTs into the private sector may have complex, unexpected consequences for patients.

Do you see patients with cerebral malaria? ...Or know someone who does?

March 21, 2014 - 11:16 -- Lakshmi Swamy

If you care for patients with cerebral malaria or know someone who does, then we would appreciate your help in distributing this short survey.
Please use the following link to complete the survey: Cerebral Malaria Diagnosis Survey

I am an ophthalmologist with a background in malaria biology, and I am leading a survey study to understand how clinicians diagnose cerebral malaria.

In memoriam: Ernst-Jan Scholte (1974 - 2014)

March 20, 2014 - 19:00 -- Bart G.J. Knols

It is with great sadness that I report the passing of my friend, colleague and my former PhD student Dr. Ernst-Jan Scholte, yesterday, 16 March 2014. Although obituaries are normally written for scientists that died at an old age and had a massive track record in our field, I feel the urge to commemorate and remember this great person in front of you all at MalariaWorld. He became only 40 years of age - after fighting cancer for a year.

Ernst-Jan first contacted me in 1998 when he was still a biology student at the Wageningen University. At that time I was working in Nairobi for the International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (ICIPE). Ernst-Jan (or EJ as many called him) wanted to study mosquitoes and do an internship with me for six months. He was lucky. Within a week after he arrived in Kenya we undertook a wonderful safari to the border with Tanzania, visiting and hiking in a Masai area where I had previously worked on tsetse flies. EJ loved it from day one. He fell in love with Africa, its people and its wildlife, and was extremely motivated in his work. I will never forget the nights we camped out in the bush together...

New: Book on architecture and health (notably malaria)

March 20, 2014 - 18:14 -- Bart G.J. Knols
Early nomadic shelters, including caves, animal skin tents, and igloos, were used for protection against the wind, rain, snow, sunlight, and other forces of nature. These basic homes also provided defence against predators and were used to store a few important possessions. They were temporary, and proximity to a water source was of prime importance.
 

Free International Innovation publication with special focus on malaria

March 20, 2014 - 18:00 -- MESA Alliance

International Innovation, has recently published an edition called 'Parasites of poverty: how international research is tackling the global threat of tropical disease'. In this edition there is a special focus on malaria: 'break the life cycle stop the spread."

In search of a postdoc position

March 19, 2014 - 15:07 -- Roy Faiman

Hello colleagues!
I'll be finishing a one-year postdoc at Cornell university.
My work here focused on behavioral assays on Aedes albopictus to try and improve our understanding of visual cues that aid the gravid females in locating and selecting an oviposition site.
As of July 1st I will available to begin a new position.
My masters and PhD work (Alon Warburg's lab, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem) involved sand fly ecology and control and leishmaniasis transmission dynamics in an emerging focus. My publications are available on line.

Column: Out of sight, out of mind? How has imaging advanced our understanding of Plasmodium infected erythrocytes?

March 12, 2014 - 21:57 -- Bart G.J. Knols
Being a lab-based malaria researcher in a non-endemic country, I’ve been really interested by the columns that our colleagues ‘in the field’ have shared; looking at vector populations, elimination strategies and experiences of disease themselves. My perspectives of malaria are rather different however, and I hope to share more of a laboratory angle in my contributions to MalariaWorld this year. With that in mind, where better to start than the microscope and how most of us first come ‘face to face’ with Plasmodium spp? 
 
A bit of history
 
Much of our knowledge of Plasmodium parasites has come from the ability to visualize them (reviewed by [1]). The first description of the causative agents of malaria by Laveran in 1880 was made possible by 400x magnification of infected blood samples, and detected the pigment we now know as haemozoin. Since then the Giemsa stain, developed in 1904, has made it possible to differentiate between species, and remains the clinical gold standard to diagnose infection... 

Updated version of book freely available

March 5, 2014 - 11:51 -- Bart G.J. Knols

The freely available book titled "Artemisia annua,Artemisinin, ACTs & Malaria Control in Africa: Tradition, Science and Public Policy", has been updated by the author, Dana Dalrymple, and has been expanded with an Annex (Annex 7), titled: "The Early Role of Novartis in ACT Development" (pp. 189-192).

The book is attached to this blog. We are grateful to Dr. Dalrymple to make this updated version available for free to MalariaWorld subscribers.

The MW team.

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